Categories of Biohazard Waste and Their Disposal

Categories of Biohazard Waste and Their Disposal

Biohazard waste can be a serious threat to your safety and health. This is why you must call a biohazard waste removal company as soon as you notice that you need professional services. Dealing with such waste on your own can put you at risk of many diseases. Therefore, it is best to leave these services to experts who have the right tools and equipment to take care of such scenarios. Biohazard waste has 4 major categories. Each of these categories requires professional tools, equipment and safety measures to make sure that the risk is minimal. Let’s take a look at these categories so that you know the basics of biohazard waste.


1.      Solid Biohazard Waste

Solid biohazard waste includes non-sharp waste such as culture containers, towels, and gloves that may be contaminated with human semen, blood or any other specimen. This waste needs to be properly disposed of; otherwise, it can lead to serious health and safety concerns. It is important not to handle such specimen yourself as it can lead to contamination, which may cause serious diseases.

For proper disposal of solid biohazard waste, use a container that is lined with a biohazard bag and is leak proof. The container must also be labeled clearly with a biohazard symbol so that people know what’s in there.

2.      Liquid Biohazard Waste

As the name suggests, liquid biohazard waste includes the waste that is in liquid form. It includes body fluids, blood products or simply large quantities of blood. This waste is common in healthcare organizations such as hospitals and laboratories.

For proper disposal of liquid waste, it must be treated using an autoclave or via chemical treatment. Disposing of liquid waste without treating it first can lead to major health risks and issues.

3.      Sharps

Sharp biohazard waste includes syringes, needles, broken tubes that are contaminated with blood or any slides with a human or animal specimen on them. Sharps waste must never be disposed of in trash containers. It can not only seriously hurt someone who touches them, but it can also expose them to the risk of serious healthcare issues and diseases.

Such containers must be first wiped off using a disinfectant. They must then be permanently closed and should be picked up by a waste disposal unit. You must not try to do it on your own; otherwise, you will be at risk of contracting diseases or getting seriously hurt through the contaminated sharp objects.

4.      Pathological Waste

The last category of biohazard waste is a pathological waste. It includes the human body part, organs and tissues (excluding teeth). It also includes animal carcasses and tissues. It is important to properly dispose of pathological waste; otherwise, it can lead to serious healthcare issues.

Pathological waste is disposed of in clearly labeled double-bags to ensure that none of the material is exposed to the environment. Most of the time, the contents of these bags are incinerated for proper disposal.

These were the most common categories of biohazard waste that require a specialist biohazard waste disposal company. If you are looking for a biohazard waste removal company in Atlanta, get in touch with us. We are available 24/7.